Domestic Workers Bill for woman to provide Protection

The Domestic Workers Bill introduced to provide social and legal protection to domestic workers, especially women and children.

Domestic Workers Bill

Muzaffargarh district covers an area of ​​8250 sq km. According to a recent census, the population of this district is 4.1 million. The Indus River flows on one side of Muzaffargarh and the Chenab River on the other. People living in riverine areas are deprived of all basic amenities, finding employment is extremely difficult for them, the war on poverty and backwardness has been going on for decades. Mention the brave widow Taslim Mai, a resident of Chak Farazi, a settlement between Jhang and Muzaffargarh on the banks of the river Chenab, who is running a grocery store in her house while coping with the situation.

According to Taslim Mai, her husband died in the floods of 2010, it was difficult to find employment, the social organization Hands visited her area and turned it into a grocery store at home. She is now running the house from this shop as well as teaching 4 children. Taslim Mai says that everything is going well but due to being a riverine area she cannot access the wholesale market, which is why she has to buy expensive items and They are forced to sell at a low profit, earning Rs 3,000 to Rs 4,000 a day.

Imrana Riaz, a resident of Qasba, Gujarat, knows the work of sewing, frying, pearl, khadi, wire weaving, and stitching. Tubes sold in rupees are now being bought for 10 rupees. The price was Rs. 50 per meter. Its price has now gone up to 120 to 150 rupees. It is very difficult to get 200 rupees for a suit. A good job can be earned by doing. Ms. Sadia Nawaz of Hands, a social organization, said that to financially support poor families, Hands provided employment to 160 families under the Home Business Financing Scheme, providing fertilizer to women in agriculture for crops and kitchen carding. 

The seeds were provided free of charge so that they could be financially stable. A large number of housewives got respectable employment from the domestic worker business.

Domestic workers make a significant contribution to Pakistan's economy, but their work is not valued and they are not provided legal protection. According to the International Labor Organization, the informal sector employs 80% of the Pakistani economy and 50% of them are women. The informal sector employs 80% of the domestic workers, which is a large proportion of the economy. Domestic workers usually come from poor, low-income families. Domestic workers contribute to the country's economic development. Pakistan earns about 50 50 million in foreign exchange from world football.

Punjab Chief Minister Usman Bazdar has introduced the Domestic Workers Bill on March 19, 2019, to provide social and legal protection to domestic workers especially women and children. The bill, which bans minors and provides for the basic rights of domestic workers, has been strictly enforced. The bill has gone to the Standing Committee for approval. The Punjab Assembly had passed the draft law Domestic Employees Punjab 2018. According to the bill, no additional work will be taken without the consent of the domestic worker. Domestic workers will not be subjected to any kind of discrimination. In case of illness or any other problem, the head of the household will be responsible for the sponsorship. There will be a ban on taking any kind of labor for the work written in the agreement, men and women will get equal pay and will have to pay for extra work. 

The worker cannot be dismissed without one month's notice. In case of any dispute, there will be committees in each district for reconciliation. Violation of the agreement will result in a fine of Rs 5,000 to Rs 10,000, a domestic worker will not be required to work more than 8 hours a day and a worker will not be required to work more than 48 hours a week. Employing children under the age of 15 is punishable by fines. The employer can be imprisoned for up to a month. A female worker will be allowed 6 weeks leave during childbirth. Employees will be entitled to weekly leave. Under the Home Based Workers Bill, social security cards were to be provided after registration, as the registration process has not been completed yet, due to which the Home-Based Workers in Pakistan were also deprived of financial assistance from the Sensation Program.

The exploitation of workers is common in Pakistan. Poor workers are given some money or incentives because of their need which is commonly known as advance. The worker is bound till the money is paid or he can demand an increase in his wages. The law was passed in 1992 prohibiting advance payments, but to date, no one has been convicted under the law. According to the Global Salary Index, Pakistan ranks 6th in a survey of 176 countries, most of the agricultural, kiln workers. , Leather maker, carpet weaver, bangle maker, and housemaid.

Regarding home-based workers, Ghulam Shabbir District Labor Officer Muzaffargarh said that a large number of women are working as home-based workers in Jatoi Tehsil and Alipur Tehsil but no complaint was lodged against violence against home-based workers. Labor laws are being implemented on the instructions of the Punjab government. The law on home-based workers has not been implemented yet. While the work of registration of home-based workers is going on daily, all its records are being collected in the main system of the head office.

Medium Umm Kulsoom Sial, the chairperson of the social organization Psychop, says that domestic workers are employed in sewing pans, parlors, small shops in their homes, making items from palm leaves or gardening kitchens. A complete survey has not been conducted in Muzaffargarh so far. Accurate data has not been released for the problems faced by domestic workers, if you look at them, they have never been recognized. The irony is that in the current situation, he has been sent on leave for an indefinite period without being paid. Work is done on various NGOs and home-based workers at the government level but it is important to collect data effectively throughout the district because without data the best work plan for them and their role in society cannot be made effective. They are not financially supported. Can be done Millions of people involved in domestic handicrafts and small industry have lost their jobs, small businesses have stalled their businesses and they cannot resume business or invest.

In these circumstances, the government must make special arrangements to save this class and get them back on their feet, and to assess their losses. So far, the government has not heard from these traders and has not considered it necessary to express sympathy with them.

With time, we have opened the door to technology-related fields for the based workers. The Government of Pakistan is imparting training in electronic institutes like electronic, mobile repairing, freelancing. Rashid Mahmood of Muzaffargarh has been working online at home for the last 4 years. According to Mahmood, the demand for graphic designing, digital marketing, and content writing jobs is very high in the world at present. Online work earns a decent income from home. By acquiring online skills, the younger generation can not only earn good jobs but also the national economy. It Will also be useful for The law to provide protection to domestic workers that have been passed but how will it be implemented? 

The government of Pakistan must effectively stop the exploitation of domestic workers. Workers have the right to registration, old-age benefits, and the provision of social security services.

Workers are the backbone of our economic activities. It is in the national interest to solve their problems.

                                #Domestic workers Bill


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