Karachi issue is Administrative or Political?

Karachi issue is Administrative or Political?

Karachi issue is Administrative or Political?

There can be no two opinions in acknowledging the fact that Karachi is a city that has the potential to become the most powerful industrial and commercial hub not only in Pakistan but in the entire region. And there can be no two opinions that this is the city that has sacrificed the politics of political parties the most. 

The latest example of this is the ongoing dialogue between the PTI and the PPP that on September 5, when Prime Minister Imran Khan announced a Rs 1 billion development package for Karachi, the PPP chairman The next day, the BJP said that out of this, Rs 3 billion is from the provincial government, ie the PPP, while only Rs 2 billion is from the federation.

Rejecting Bilawal Zardari Bhutto's statement, Minister for Planning, Development and Special Affairs Asad Umar denied Bilawal Zardari and said that out of Rs 2 billion, 3% or about Rs 5 billion is from the federation while the remaining 5% ie Rs. Billions of rupees will be spent by the provincial government. On this, Sindh government spokesman Murtaza Wahab denied the statement of Asad Umar and said that what Bilawal Zardari has said is in fact true and not the statement of Asad Umar.

And all this is happening at a time when the people of Karachi, already fed up with the lack of clean drinking water, garbage dumps, power outages, and many other problems, are now in such dire straits due to the rains. His business life has come to a standstill.

But this is nothing new about Karachi. Even before this, the problems that Karachi has been facing in the past have been seen as a blame game between the political parties.

Be it the mayor of Karachi, the Sindh government, or the federal government, everyone has a plethora of arguments as to why they are not responsible and accountable. Given these chaotic conditions in Karachi, surely the heart of every sincere Pakistani weeps tears of blood, and every one's eyes are searching for a permanent solution.

In a statement issued on September 5, Asad Umar termed the 7th Amendment as an obstacle to improving the situation in Karachi.

But the question arises whether the conditions in Karachi before the 7th Amendment were so good that it can be said that simply by abolishing this amendment, Karachi will become a developed city like Dubai? A cursory look at the political situation in Karachi over the last several decades reveals what is really a hindrance to Karachi's development.

First of all, government power in Karachi is divided into three levels: the federal government, the provincial government, and the city government. Due to this multi-layered division of governmental power, government officials at these various levels declare many matters beyond their jurisdiction and then refuse to accept responsibility for these matters.

So when a big issue arises and becomes prominent on electronic or social media, the same traditional accusations are leveled by government officials against each other's party.

The second problem is that separate elections are held for the above three levels of government, as a result of which representatives of different parties are elected to these positions.

Due to their affiliation with different political parties, their party's superiority over other parties is naturally always in the eyes of government officials, which often leads to the promotion of their party and the humiliation of other parties. As a result of this political tug-of-war between these political parties and their officials, the city's problems remain unresolved.

Even today, the elected governments of the MQM in Karachi, the PPP in the province, and the PTI in the federation have more or less the same problem with each other.

The third problem is that Karachi is also inhabited by many linguistic and regional communities such as Muhajir, Sindhi, Punjabi, Pashtun, and Baloch. If a person from a community who is also a victim of linguistic or racial prejudice is elected, the rights of the rest of the community in the city are at stake and linguistic and regional prejudice grows and peace and order prevail. The situation is severely affected.

All these features belong to this particular federal system of government which, according to its philosophy, ie federalism, believes in the division of governmental power into different levels. And the consequences of all this is fully before us in the case of Karachi. And these are all issues that seem to be in place, whether the 5th Amendment is in place.

Some people here think that we should now move from this parliamentary federal system to a presidential federal system. He says this because there is a big issue with the parliamentary-style federal system of government. That is, in the federation, the prime minister is elected by a majority vote of the National Assembly. Now if a party does not get enough votes to form a federal government on its own, it has to resort to other parties and sometimes buy them, which is termed “horse-trading”.

There are big bids. Then the party that forms the government in the federation is blackmailed by other such minority parties and it has to keep them happy all the time to maintain its government, otherwise at any time, the no-confidence vote from the other parties will be its. Is waiting Take a look at the current government in the federation.

The PTI holds only four of the nine seats in the National Assembly, while the opposition holds four more. But to form a government in the federation, more than 5%, ie at least 5 seats are needed. Now, to reach this goal and form a government in the federation and then to maintain it, the PTI had to resort to minority parties like the MQM and the PML-Q, whose total number of seats in the National Assembly is only Is 2 and 3.

And in return for this deal, these parties also have to give ministries in the federation and the province. Independent candidates are enough to bring down the entire PTI government in the federation. Now, if the federal government does not accept their demands and makes them angry, then where to go.

But on the other hand, the presidential-style federal system of government does not seem to be without problems. In this, since the president is elected by the people through their votes instead of the parliament, the real head of the country, the president, does not have to rely on the support of minority parties to come into government and then stay in government. But here the problem arises that the President has to be blackmailed by the same opposition political parties to legislate as he pleases.

And so it is with the United States, where a presidential-style federal system is in place. When President Obama sought to pass the Obama Care Bill in the US Congress, there was a Republican majority in the lower house, but the opposition refused to pass the national budget, insisting that Obama Care The bill should be delayed.

As a result of this conflict between the ruling party, the Democrats, and the opposition, the US government was completely shut down for three days, forcing eight million government employees to go home on forced leave and the US government to pay 3 billion. More than damaged.

This issue of a presidential-style federal system of government is different from the three issues already mentioned. Those issues are common to both parliamentary and presidential federal systems. So is there any other option for Karachi other than the federal system of government?



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